DOD SBIR 24.1 BAA

Active
No
Status
Closed
Release Date
November 29th, 2023
Open Date
January 3rd, 2024
Due Date(s)
February 21st, 2024
Close Date
February 21st, 2024
Topic No.
N241-031

Topic

Silver-Oxide/Zinc Battery Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE) Tool

Agency

Department of DefenseN/A

Program

Type: SBIRPhase: BOTHYear: 2024

Summary

The Department of Defense (DOD) is seeking proposals for a research topic titled "Silver-Oxide/Zinc Battery Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE) Tool". The objective is to develop a man-portable TMDE tool for assessing the health status and remaining useful battery life of Silver-Oxide/Zinc (AgO/Zn) batteries. The tool should provide a cost savings while increasing safety and readiness. Currently, there is a lack of a reliable and accurate way to measure the battery's state of charge, state of health, and remaining useful life. The Navy is specifically interested in a handheld or laptop-installed TMDE tool that can detect early signs of battery degradation and predict the remaining useful life of AgO/Zn batteries. The tool should be non-destructive, user-friendly, and have a graphical user interface (GUI) to display battery condition metrics. The project will be conducted in three phases: Phase I involves developing a concept and establishing feasibility, Phase II focuses on developing and fabricating a prototype, and Phase III involves transitioning the technology for Navy use. The TMDE tool could also have dual-use applications in commercial sectors such as oceanography, offshore oil rig inspection, UAVs, and robotics. The solicitation is closed, and more information can be found on the DOD SBIR website.

Description

OUSD (R&E) CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Microelectronics

 

OBJECTIVE: Develop a man-portable Battery Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE) tool for assessing health status and remaining useful battery life of Silver-Oxide/Zinc (AgO/Zn) batteries to provide a cost savings while increasing safety and readiness.

 

DESCRIPTION: AgO/Zn battery cells are safe for use onboard submarines and are a field-proven power source for underwater vehicles with a wet-life of about 24 months. One of the main challenges associated with deployment of AgO/Zn battery cells is the lack of a reliable and accurate way to measure the battery’s state of charge, state of health and remaining useful life at any stage of application/in-situ. Currently, the AgO/Zn battery (up to 120 cells in series) set assembled with 365 ampere hour (Ahr) capacity is de-commissioned based on the pre-determined wet-life duration instead of cell state-of-health due to a lack of commercial ability to assess state-of-health without extensive analysis or destructive testing. This results in potentially healthy batteries being removed from service before the end of useful life. The Navy is seeking a man-portable (preferably hand-held or laptop installed) Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE) tool that can detect early signs of battery degradation and predict the remaining useful life of AgO/Zn batteries, other, application and scalability to additional battery chemistries are also desired.

 

A TMDE tool would result in cost reduction, risk reductions, and better sustainment of fleet underwater vehicles by removing batteries from fleet once a ‘true’ End of Service Life was met based on battery condition versus timed maintenance. It would achieve these benefits by allowing maintenance activities to provide requisite Objective Quality Evidence (OQE) to determine life extensions, informing maintainers of the real-time battery conditions that indicate a thermal event, allowing operators and maintainers to make more informed and safer decisions, and enable targeted replacement of weak cells in a battery set instead of replacing the entire battery set. The latter would increase the life of a battery set, thereby reducing the amount of battery sets needed to be purchased and increasing operational availability. The former would reduce schedule risks when planning and conducting operations.

 

The tool developed must be non-destructive and user-friendly with a graphical user interface (GUI) to display metrics to accurately describe battery condition. It should utilize advanced sensor technologies to assess the state-of-health and remaining useful life of AgO/Zn battery sets prior to deployment, transport, maintenance, or storage. If the device is handheld, it should be battery powered by 20VDC or less, and rechargeable using standard 110VAC.

 

PHASE I: Develop a concept for a portable Battery Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment tool that meets the requirements in the Description. Establish feasibility by developing system diagrams as well as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) models that show the tool’s design concept, and provide estimated weight and dimensions of the concept. Feasibility will also be established by computer-based simulations that show the system’s capabilities are suitable for the Navy’s needs. The Phase I Option, if exercised, will include the initial design specifications and capabilities description to build a prototype solution in Phase II.

 

PHASE II: Develop and fabricate a prototype for demonstration and characterization of key parameters of the TDME tool as detailed in the Description. Conduct a prototype demonstration capable of full-scale operation according to the design. Complete relevant testing to prove the full-scale metrics. Based on lessons learned through the prototype demonstration, develop a substantially complete design to allow for Navy integration. Ensure that this design includes all ancillary equipment required to operate components such as the TMDE tool and control software when applicable to the proposed concept.

 

PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Support the Navy in transitioning the technology for Navy use. Although a fully operational TMDE tool is initially targeted for use in maintenance and sustainment of underwater vehicles, it should have the ability to support additional battery chemistries and be suitable for shipboard use.

 

The TMDE tool could be useful in commercial applications where safe, high energy density batteries are used. Examples would be oceanography, offshore oil rig inspection, UAVS, and robotics.

 

REFERENCES:

Love, Corey T. et al. “State-of-health monitoring of 18650 4S packs with a single-point impedance diagnostic”. Journal of Power Sources 266 (2014) S12-S19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.05.033 
Klotz, D. et al. “New approach for the calculation of impedance spectra out of time domain data”. Electrochimica Acta 56 (2011) 8763-8769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2011.07.096 
Davies, Greg, et al. “State of Charge and State of Health Estimation Using Electrochemical Acoustic Time of Flight Analysis”. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 164 (2017) A2746. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.1411712jes
Merla, Yu, et al. “Novel application of differential thermal voltammetry as an in-depth state-of-health diagnosis method for lithium-ion batteries” Journal of Power Sources 307 (2016) 308-319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.122 
Li, Ran; Yao, Jie and Zhou, Yongqin. “Study of sorting method of zinc silver battery based on multi-step FCM clustering algorithm”. IEICE Electronics Express 16, no. 7 (2019): 20190120-20190120 https://doi.org/10.1587/elex.16.20190120

 

KEYWORDS: Silver-Oxide/Zinc Battery; Battery/Cell State-of-Health; Electrical Test Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment Tool; Non-destructive battery testing; Battery State of Health Estimation Experimental Methods, Battery State of Health Model-Based Estimation Me