DOD SBIR 24.2 Annual

Active
No
Status
Open
Release Date
April 17th, 2024
Open Date
May 15th, 2024
Due Date(s)
June 12th, 2024
Close Date
June 12th, 2024
Topic No.
N242-071

Topic

Intelligent Hydrogen Filling System

Agency

Department of DefenseN/A

Program

Type: SBIRPhase: BOTHYear: 2024

Summary

The Department of Defense (DOD) is seeking proposals for an Intelligent Hydrogen Filling System. The system should safely and quickly fill hydrogen storage tanks in an austere environment and be stored, transported, and operated in man-portable containers. The technology should leverage Onboard Vehicle Power (OVP), tactical generators, alternative power sources (e.g., solar), or energy storage devices (batteries or fuel cells). The system should meet threshold requirements such as metering and tracking hydrogen transfer, filling various types of tanks, leak testing, and providing system performance information. The system should also meet objective requirements such as filling tanks at a faster rate, providing overflow protection, and being powered by different voltage sources. The project will have a Phase I feasibility study, Phase II prototype development and evaluation, and Phase III transition and commercialization. The technology has potential applications in fuel cells, automotive, alternative energy, home power systems, humanitarian aid, disaster relief, homeland security, and emergency services. The deadline for proposal submission is June 12, 2024. For more information, visit the solicitation link.

Description

OUSD (R&E) CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Advanced Materials; Renewable Energy Generation and Storage

 

OBJECTIVE: Develop an intelligent hydrogen filling system that safely and quickly fills hydrogen storage tanks in an austere environment. All components of the system shall be stored, transported, and operated in man-portable containers. The system shall be required to leverage Onboard Vehicle Power (OVP), currently fielded tactical generators, alternative power sources (e.g., solar), or energy storage devices (batteries or fuel cells).

 

DESCRIPTION: As part of its future force modernization efforts, the Marine Corps seeks to deploy small, disaggregated intelligent hydrogen filling units to foreign locations where access to energy sources will be limited or unavailable. These units are to specifically support the U.S. Marine Corps’ Expeditionary Advanced Base Operations (EABO), a form of expeditionary warfare that involves the employment of mobile, low-signature, naval expeditionary forces that operate from a series of austere, temporary locations. Intelligent hydrogen filling systems will provide a capability to distribute hydrogen to Expeditionary Advanced Bases from tactical hydrogen generation and storage system locations.

 

Definitions:

Systems must meet Threshold requirements = (T).

It is highly desirable that the system meet Objective requirements = (O).

• The system shall be capable of metering and tracking the hydrogen transferred bi-directionally, either into or from, the hydrogen storage/compressor or generation system (T=O).

• The system shall be capable of metering and tracking the hydrogen transferred into the portable hydrogen tanks (T=O).

• The system shall be capable of filling Type 4 (T), Type 3 or conformal tanks (O).

• The system shall be capable of leak testing the portable storage tank and provide a “go/no go” indication to the user (T=O).

• The system shall provide a display to provide users with system performance and status information. This will include, at a minimum:

o Flow rate

o Pressure

o Portable storage tank fill percentage

o Time to fill

o Leak check status

• The system shall utilize a HGV2 standard fitting.

• The system shall fill any 500 gram hydrogen storage tank, without pre-cooling, at a fill rate of 50 g/min (T) or 100 g/min (O).

• The system shall provide overflow protection to restrict hydrogen flow to protect equipment being filled (T=O).

• The system shall be able to fill tanks at an operational pressure up to 10k PSI (T=O).

• The system shall be powered by 28 VDC or 120VAC, single-phase (T=O).

• The system shall fit and be secured in a 12 cubic foot container (T) or 3 cubic foot container (O).

• The system shall not exceed the requirements of a 2-person lift/carry (T) or 1-person lift/carry (O).

• The system shall be operable by personnel with limited training (plug and play (T) or no training (plug and play) (O).

• Minimum applicable MIL-STD 810 standards (T=O).

o Hi/Low Temp

o Environmental

o Shock and Vibration

o Transportability

• Minimum applicable MIL-STD-1472 standards (T=O).

o Weight

o Lifting

o Displays

o Alarms

 

PHASE I: Develop concepts for Intelligent Hydrogen Filling that meets the requirements described above. Demonstrate the feasibility of the concepts in meeting Marine Corps requirements. Establish that the concepts can be developed into a useful product for the Marine Corps. Feasibility will be established by material testing and analytical modeling, as appropriate. Provide a Phase II development plan with performance goals and key technical milestones, and that will address technical risk reduction.

 

PHASE II: Develop 3-5 prototype Intelligent Hydrogen Filling Systems for evaluation to determine their capability in meeting the performance goals defined in the Description above. Demonstrate technology performance through prototype evaluation and modeling over the required range of parameters. Evaluation results will be used to refine the prototype into an initial design that will meet Marine Corps requirements; and for evaluation to determine its effectiveness in an operationally relevant environment approved by the Government. Prepare a Phase III development plan to transition the technology to Marine Corps use. The transition plan shall address commercialization and manufacturing. The technology should reach TRL 6/7 at the conclusion of this phase.

 

PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Support the Marine Corps in transitioning the technology for Marine Corps use. Support the Marine Corps for test and validation to certify and qualify the system for Marine Corps use. The prototypes shall be TRL 8 at the conclusion of testing.

Commercial applications may include, but not be limited to: fuel cells, automotive applications, alternative energy, home power systems, humanitarian aid, disaster relief, homeland security, and emergency services.

 

REFERENCES:

“An Introduction to SAE Hydrogen Fueling Standardization.” Department of Energy. 11 September 2014. An Introduction to SAE Hydrogen Fueling Standardization (energy.gov)
Department of Defense. MIL-STD-810H, Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests. 31 January 2019.
Dept of Defense. MIL-STD-1472H, Human Engineering. 15 September 2020.

 

KEYWORDS: Hydrogen; storage; filling; fueling; energy; tank

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