Accelerated Research in Quantum Computing

Active
No
Status
Posted
Published Date
February 7th, 2024
Close Date
May 8th, 2024
Total Funding
$45,000,000.00
Award Ceiling
$15,000,000.00
Award Floor
$1,250,000.00
Opportunity No.
DE-FOA-0003265

Agency

Office of Science (PAMS-SC)

Eligible Applicants

Others

Funding Category

Science and Technology and other Research and Development

Funding Instrument

Grant

Opportunity Category

Discretionary

Cost Sharing or Matching Requirement

Yes

Summary

The Office of Science is offering a grant opportunity titled "Accelerated Research in Quantum Computing". This grant aims to support research in quantum information science and the development of disruptive computing technologies. The grant focuses on two main topics: 1. Modular Software Stack: This topic seeks research in computer science and applied mathematics to address practical and fundamental bottlenecks in quantum computing. The goal is to develop a general-purpose quantum software stack that can adapt to and take advantage of multiple types of quantum hardware. The research should focus on improving modularity, potential synergy among hardware technologies, integration of quantum processors in parallel and distributed computing models, and error management across the software stack. 2. Quantum Utility: This topic aims to advance research towards achieving and demonstrating quantum utility. It involves developing new algorithms and fine-tuning the software stack for selected problems within the Office of Science's mission. The research should focus on choosing generalizable application-inspired target problems, developing optimized math kernels and primitives for quantum systems, adapting the software stack for specific problems, and estimating quantum resources. The grant has a total estimated program funding of $45,000,000, with an award ceiling of $15,000,000 and an award floor of $1,250,000. The grant does not require cost sharing or matching. The eligibility for this grant is open to all types of domestic applicants, except nonprofit organizations engaged in lobbying activities after December 31, 1995. Federal laboratories and non-DOE/NNSA FFRDCs are also eligible to apply. The closing date for applications is May 8, 2024. For more information and to apply, interested parties can contact SC.GrantsandContracts@science.doe.gov.

Description

Quantum information science [https://quantum.gov] has emerged as a promising area for the development of disruptive computing technologies. Since 2015, ASCR has organized several workshops that have indicated the potential of quantum computing for scientific applications [2 -5] and has supported basic research to improve all layers of the quantum software stack including algorithms, programming languages, error mitigation, and compilers. The progress has been remarkable, however, practical applications of quantum computing that improve time-to-solution, or power-to-solution, or accuracy of the results with respect to the best classical system have not yet been deployed. The 2023 Basic Research Needs Workshop in Quantum Computing and Networking [6] identified several priority research directions (PRDs); this FOA targets end-to-end software toolchains to program and control quantum systems and networks at scale (PRD1), quantum algorithms delivering quantum advantage (PRD2), and resilience through error detection, prevention, protection, mitigation, and correction (PRD4). These are key components for the development of a software ecosystem that must be ready to account for modularity and interoperability on one side, and for specialization and performance on another. Research proposed in response to this FOA must primarily focus on addressing one of the two topics described below: Topic 1 – Modular Software Stack: The diversity of quantum computing architectures and hardware technologies is expected to persist into the foreseeable future; this is an important consideration that guides the advancement of computer science sought in this topic. The development of an integrated computational ecosystem requires a general-purpose quantum software stack that is adaptable to, and takes advantage of, multiple kinds of quantum hardware. We seek basic research in computer science and applied mathematics that: · Addresses practical and fundamental bottlenecks that hinder modularity and potential synergy among selected hardware technologies; · Pursues general approaches to integration that may remain relevant for future technologies; · Devises ways to embed quantum processors in parallel and distributed computing models; and · Integrates error management across the software stack. Topic 2 – Quantum Utility: This topic aims to advance the research towards achievement and demonstration of quantum utility [1] by developing new algorithms and fine-tuning all levels of the software stack for a selected portfolio of promising problems within the ASCR mission. Applications should: · Choose generalizable application-inspired target problems; · Develop algorithms for optimized math kernels and math primitives for selected current (NISQ) and future quantum systems that significantly advance state-of-the-art performance for the selected target problems; · Adapt, if needed, any level of the software stack for the specific target problems; and · Estimate quantum resources by employing important complementary metrics, including energy-to-solution. Verification protocols and tools are important for both Topic 1 and Topic 2 and should be discussed in the application. Applicants must choose and specify Topic 1 or Topic 2 as the focus of their application. In the choice of Topic 1 or 2, proposed research is encouraged to consider multiple metrics, such as qubit count, gate fidelity, and qubit connectivity.

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